Expat Rental Guide:
How to select your apartment or villa in Shanghai
Selecting your Home
Where to live? This is one of the major problems expatriates initially face when moving to Shanghai and to best evaluate your circumstances the following factors, amongst other more personal issues, need to be take into consideration :
|Kindergarten / Junior School / High School|
|Shuttle buses provided (especially for after school activities?)|
|see also 'Education'|
|Your working hours – flexible or not ?|
|see also 'Public Transport'|
|Will you have a car & driver?|
|Will you be driving yourself (due to the aggressive & poor driving habits & standards many multi-national companies forbid their employees to personally drive in China)?|
|Will your spouse/children need access to a car & driver during the day?|
|Will you be using public transport (air-conditioned buses, metro or taxis)?|
|What are your working hours?|
|see also 'Car and Driving'|
Shopping for Western Products and 24/7 local shops
|Local stores for milk, snacks, emergency food stuffs|
|Stores focused on imported foodstuffs or foreign foodstuffs made locally.Many of the huge Western food manufacturers produce well known name brands locally|
|see also 'Shopping'|
Where are your friends living
Yes, of course you may not know them yet, but even if you don’t know anyone here, find out where your future work colleagues live ? If you have friends here already you may wish to live close to them - but not next door
To generalize: families live close to international schools and singles/ couples live downtown or close to stations on the excellent Underground (MRT) lines.
What access is there to 'Green Space'
Either within the housing development or easily accessible parks
If you play golf, tennis, go sailing, horse-riding or other sports – where are these facilities and will their accessibility, or lack of, affect your choice of location?
Access to Hospitals and Clinics
Western clinics offer some advanced services and reassurance of quality, but some of the local hospitals offer high quality medical services too, especially in certain disciplines where some of Shanghai’s training hospitals are world leaders. If you are unlucky enough to require an emergency service then you will need to know the time it takes to get there and that they are easily accessed 24/7. If a family member has a medical condition you should live close to a clinic with 24/7 emergency service available.
see also 'Health'
Access to Restaurants and Entertainment
How often do you eat out (you will eat out far more in Shanghai than you ever did at home)?
Is this an important consideration for you? Remember that it is far easier to get around the city late evening/early morning.
see also 'Entertainment'
How often do you need to travel?
Domestic (Hong Qiao + Pudong airports) or International travel (Pudong airport)?
Is a longer trip time to the airport a consideration?
see also '
Your Choice: House or Apartment
You might think you know the pros and cons of living in a house or an apartment, but in Shanghai these reasons will probably be very different from that of your home country. We've highlighted them below:
There are a number of choices you have to make when selecting a suitable home for your lifestyle in Shanghai.
Usually called Houses in the West these may take the form of stand alone (independent units) or semi-detached.
Often townhouses or row houses can be found in many of the same developments, offering access to the same facilities but without the size or cost of an independent villa.
There is limited supply downtown, usually on the small side and aging. One or two newer redeveloped older housing developments are beginning to appear on the market.
Expats who choose to live in local compounds usually select high end local enclaves, usually in the western suburbs. These are also standalone or semi-detached houses with gardens, but facilities are usually not provided and English may not be spoken.
You may be tempted to live downtown in traditional Lane Houses or older independent villas usually from the 1920’s and later. These are commonly called ‘Lao Yang Fang’ (‘Old Houses’ in local expat parlance). See Housing Market Residential Areas
Some are outstandingly beautiful places, however we advise caution and having a year of two living in Shanghai before being tempted by the romance of this style of living. Although the villas may be beautiful on the outside beauty is very often only skin deep (new plumbing, electrics and waterproofing are only relevant to the boundaries of the property – off your land and probably the electrics and plumbing are decades old).
And, without management to fix your problems (arrangements must be made with the landlord directly), security to protect your family, and friends for your children -they can be difficult and lonely places to live and the neighbors rarely speak English.
But romance lives on and there are some excellent renovations out there! Garden villas are standalone houses with gardens; lane houses are attached on both sides (except for corner houses) to their neighbours, and usually have a small garden, and apartments are in historic buildings. There are no facilities.
|Info: Info: Overview of Supply of Independent Villas|
These take many different forms from a small one-bedroom apartment to a huge 4 or 5 bedroom duplex penthouse and rents can run from around US$1,000 for a small unit in a decent expatriate oriented building to US$15,000 for the best Shanghai has to offer. Luxury apartments are popular because of the host of on-site services they offer, from restaurants to post offices, gyms, pre-schools and in some cases, office towers and five-star hotels on the premises.
Located in the expat enclaves of Hongqiao and Pudong as well as downtown, furnished apartments are usually managed by property management services rather than individual landlords, and the buildings include facilities like swimming pools, gyms and playgrounds; sizes range from two to five bedrooms.
Those who want apartment life in the suburbs now have greater choice, as furnished apartments are increasingly an option in Hongqiao/western suburbs and Pudong.
The serviced apartments, which attract singles, couples and families with young children, are probably Shanghai’s most comfortable environment for a non-Chinese speaker.
Located in the prime neighborhoods downtown, serviced apartments provide daily housekeeping and are fully furnished, down to dishes and dishtowels.
These usually have facilities that include swimming pools, gyms and restaurants on the premises. Both short and long-term leases are available, with some willing to offer business travelers daily leases. Sizes include studios to four bedrooms.
Note: In a serviced apartment you are going to get a lot less space for your money than in a non-serviced. If you rent a non-serviced apartment you can hire a maid very cheaply in Shanghai who will clean, iron, shop and work 6 days a week. The vast majority are very honest & hard working.
|Info: Serviced Apartments Price Range/per month
Prices vary by size, quality and location
See the bookmark on serviced apartments for more information .
|Info: General Overview of Supply of Apartments|
For more specific infos on apartments see Housing Market/ Apartments Puxi and Pudong
and visit the property pages of Elite 8 .
Choose a Location
Shanghai is a huge, sprawling city, split by the Huang Pu River into two truly distinct areas;
Puxi (pronounced Pooshee) to the West, landmarked by the Bund, is the heart of Shanghai. Immortalised as the Paris of the East, the downtown areas offer the greatest choice of shops, culture and nightlife.
Pudong (pronounced Poodong) to the East, landmarked by the iconic Pearl Orient Tower, was built from Marshland in just ten years. The institutions in this area are the powerhouse behind Shanghai' s booming financial sector.
The districts are connected by bridges, road tunnels and an underground metro system, with travel between the two ranging from 30 minutes - 1 hour. There are distinct advantages and disadvantages to each area depending on your own particular circumstances and lifestyle preferences.
But, fortunately, expats do not face too many choices about where to live as the expatriate communities are broadly clustered into these main areas: Pudong (Lujiazui, Jin Qiao and Kang Qiao), and Puxi (Xu Hui - former French concession), Jing An (former British concession) Lu Wan (where the famous restaurant and commercial area around Xin Tian Di is located) and Hongqiao / Gubei (the 'original' expatriate enclave from 1990 onwards). New 'over-spill' locations such as Min Hang, Xu Jing, Zhu Di Town, Qing Pu and Song Jiang are also becoming popular depending on your circumstances.
|Info: Preferred expatriate enclaves|
While some geographic areas offer more of a particular type of accommodation – you'll find most historic, colonial-era houses in Puxi (XuHui and Jing An Districts). Most areas do offer a variety of different types of housing. To narrow your choices, read, in this section, our overview of the three main expat communities.
Traffic in Shanghai can be terrible! Travelling can eat up much of your time if you are far from the office, restaurants and bars for making new friends, your children's school or, if you travel alot, the airports.Residential areas see Housing Market
“ Everything is negotiable in China”
We often hear the phrase “ Everything is negotiable in China” and to a certain extent this is true whilst referring to housing in Shanghai. However it is not written in stone and there are some obvious issues to consider, especially as you will hear comments from colleagues, friends, hearsay or sometimes complete strangers which people sometimes taken as gospel !
Even good intentioned advice can be wrong or misleading and not every landlord is out to fleece you ! When a rent is negotiated, you should look at your offer through the owner’s eyes and you may get a better feel for what is reasonable and what is not.
With rents low in relation to buying prices the owners are not making a huge profit out of you. If you negotiate a bottom rate rent then the owner is less likely to concede to your every request. The most important factors to bear in mind are availability (occupancy rates), demand (are there a lot of foreigners moving into Shanghai), length of lease (landlords would usually like a 2 year lease but not more without an 'escalation clause') and the tenants' (your !) requirements.
|Info: What is influencing the rental|
Rental Prices Overview: update on the market - courtesy of Elite 8
What do I get for my budget?
You have to pay your elecricity bill which may be quite high due to the use of air conditioning units in your home. Maintenance such as monthly or bi-monthly chemical treatment of your air condition or the maintenance of the heating units should be included in the lease agreement as being the responsibility of the landlord.
|Info: average prices for air conditioning/heating per month|
See also Cost of Living for energy cost!
Homes are typically rented out for a one to two year period, with an option to renew in the contract. Renewal prices will be based on current market conditions, very few landlords indeed will allow any caps on increases to be written into the contract.
A deposit equivalent to two months' rent is the standard. A list of agreed-upon renovations and furniture and appliances to be provided should be included in the lease as an attachment; this is useful if a dispute arises.
It is imperative that the contract be registered to protect the tenants' rights - insist that the landlord do so.
Home Search Terms
Personal Utility Accounts
The utilities will usually be set up by the landlord, or the real estate company, as the procedure is conducted entirely in Chinese. In case you need repairs, or if something is not working, there are emergency numbers to call, but these are staffed by Chinese speakers. In compounds or apartments, the management will make these calls for you; in historic houses, you generally call the landlord or their representative. TIP : Most expatriates working for a multinational company will have their secretary assist in times of need.
The landlord will NOT usually transfer the rights to the utilities / phone to your name. Usually the management will handle the incoming bills and contact you with a notice to pay. However if the transfer to you is made (very rare in Shanghai) then you will need to sign a standard transfer form, and your landlord will submit this, with a copy of the latest bill.
Gas & all other utilities are usually almost always in place when you move in and all you will need to do (or your agent does on your behalf) is check the meters and both parties sign a form agreeing to he meter readings. However, if gas installation is required it will cost 800 RMB, plus a construction and materials fee of 120-180 RMB. Usually the landlord pays for this, but be sure you are clear about this in your negotiations if necessary. Gas installation for a single-family dwelling is usually completed within 10 days.
|Info: Documents to submit to the utility providers|
|Info on Public Utilities|
|Info: Important Phone Numbers|
Step by Step Rental Guide